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The Republic of Singapore is an Asian country at the southern end of the Malay peninsula. About 4.4 million people live in Singapore, and most of them are Chinese. "Singapore" means "Lion city" in Sanskrit. The official languages are English, Mandarin, Malay and Tamil.
It was set up as a British trading town in 1819 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, and soon became an important British town in the region. During World War II, Singapore was invaded by the Japanese and renamed Syonan-to. The people suffered during this time. After Japan surrendered in 1945, Singapore was returned to the British. The suffering during World War II made the people realise that the British were not so powerful. They realised that they had to defend Singapore themselves.
Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia.
Focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes.
Tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms.
Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, others 0.9%
Singapore dollar (SGD)
Places to Visit
Changi Airport, Paya Lebar Airport, Seletar Airport, Sembawang Airport, Tengah Airport
ISD codes & International time