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Ireland, also called the Republic of Ireland, has a population of approximately 4.2 million. The country occupies 26 of the 32 counties that constitute the island. The remaining six counties in North-East Ulster are part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Ireland was established through the conclusion of the Anglo-Irish Treaty in 1921. The Constitution of 1937 and the Republic of Ireland Act 1948 severed Ireland's last formal links with the United Kingdom. Ireland remained neutral during the Second World War and does not belong to any military alliance. Ireland became a member of the United Nations in 1955 and joined what is now the European Union (EU) in 1973.
Located in Northeast Atlantic Ocean, the republic of Ireland comprises the main part of the island of Ireland, which lies off the west coast of Europe, the rest being Northern Ireland, included in the United Kingdom. The island of Great Britain (rest of United Kingdom) is to the east.
Strategic location on major air and sea routes between North America and northern Europe; over 40% of the population resides within 100 km of Dublin.
Temperate maritime; modified by North Atlantic Current; mild winters, cool summers; consistently humid; overcast about half the time.
Irish Pound (punt)
Dublin, Cork, Limerick
Shannon, Suir, Boyne, Barrow, Erne
Places to Visit
Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Monaghan
Dublin International Air Port, Shannon International Airport, Kerry County Air Port
ISD codes & International time